So you want to host your website? Great! From the moment you land on a potential host’s site to the second you click the buy button, you’d come across lots of terms. Grasping all the tech lingo so you’d buy what’s okay for you could be frustrating. You wanna learn all of these stuff in a language that’s fitting for newbies? Let’s get straight to it!
Okay. Let’s get the basics here. A server is actually a computer. Yes, just like the one you’ve got at home. It could be a stand-alone computer or a collection of computers, often called a cloud. Granted, a server is like the computer you own, but those ones owned by your web host, in practical terms, are more powerful computers. Call it super computer if you like.
When a visitor lands on your site, whatever page he visits during his stay is shown to him by your host’s server (the powerful computer, remember?). So all the pages and posts on your site are actually saved as documents on the server, same way you’ll save a word document on your computer when you’re done typing.
2. Shared Hosting
Simply put, you’re sharing! This is the cheapest hosting plan out there. It’s good for those who’re just parking their domains or don’t expect too much traffic on their site. When you get on a shared hosting plan, your site sits on the same server as one, two or even five thousand other sites.
So if a website on the server gets a surge in traffic, yours may go down because it’s using more server resources than it was allotted. Techies would say you’re in a bad neighborhood. You’d get all you need to set up an everyday site, but you’re just paying a dollar or two, don’t expect anything super.
3. Virtual Private Server(VPS) Hosting
This folks, is an advanced form of shared hosting. It’s like your host dividing pie(the server) into four equal halves and you take a piece of the pie. You’re free to do anything you please with it.
In traditional shared hosting, the pie(server) won’t be shared by your host so a single user can take a huge chunk for himself. A VPS gives you your space. You have a particular amount of RAM, disk space and other server resources allocated to you so you’re not affected by a bad neighborhood.
4. Dedicated Server Hosting
And speaking of pies, under this plan, the whole pie’s yours. You’re alone on a server. If you’d like to customize your site from the back-end, then this is the perfect fit. You’re not sharing server resources with any other user so you can tweak as much as you want but hey you pay for what you get. Most dedicated server plans start at $750(no that’s not a typo).
5. Cloud Hosting
Before cloud hosting, your were either sharing or occupying one server. Cloud stepped up those numbers. Multiple interconnected servers make a cloud same way a mass of water droplets in air make a cloud. Okay, I’ll leave the rest for geography class.
If your traffic numbers are increasing by the thousands daily or even weekly, you may outgrow one server so you’ll need networks of servers called a cloud. In dedicated hosting, if your server is down, your site goes down, no middle grounds. In cloud hosting, if one server is down, your website will still be up as there’re other servers catering for its needs.
6. Reseller Hosting
This is traditionally the business model of web hosting. If you’re in a line of the internet business that keeps you in close contact with those who’d need web hosting for their sites, purchasing reseller hosting may be perfect for you.
It’s also perfect if you’re just in need of management space for your different sites. Ease of addition and removal of accounts, and ability to create an unlimited number of accounts are some of the perks associated with reseller accounts.
Here’s how it works- you rent a large amount of server space from your web host, share into as many bits as you like, among your customers if you’re selling to them or to your portfolio of websites if you’re managing your personal projects. If you’re selling to customers, yeah you’d provide support some of the time but all the technical fixes are handled by your parent host.
7. Add-on Domain
This is a feature offered by most web hosts allowing you host more than one domain on a single hosting account. So you have domain1.com and domain2.com hosted on an account. An add-on domain isn’t different from any other domain.
8. Disk Space
Remember I said every page on your website is a file or document on your host’s server? If you’re buying a mobile device this year, one of the things you’d love to know is, what’s the internal memory of this device.
And you know what’s contained in your phone’s internal memory? All your pictures, videos, songs and applications. That’s just how your server’s disk space works, it stores your website’s posts, images, videos, usernames and passwords. So if each page on your site takes 6 megabytes of disk space and you have 10 pages, you know signing up for hosting that guarantees you 50MB of disk space can’t work for you.
Ever seen a lock on the address bar of your web browser on landing a site? You may have seen an SSL certificate. SSL is short for secure sockets layer. It encrypts data passed between a web server and a web browser.
If you’re running an e-commerce store or just any site that manages sensitive data like credit card pins, usernames and even passwords, then you’ll need SSL. It keeps your website secure and protects sensitive data from spies by encrypting it. Customers or even visitors would trust your site if it has an SSL certificate.
And why shouldn’t they? Their sensitive data won’t be compromised in any way! It’s only shared between web server and browser for verification. Wait. Why don’t we call SSL Security Silently Leaked? Yeah, that’s more like it.
Not difficult to spot. It’s everywhere on the web host’s site. It’s calculated in percentages. So you’re quite familiar with this. 99.9%. 99.99%. O boy 99.999% uptime guarantee. They’re saying, hey you know that server your site sits on, it’s up 99.9% or 99.99% of the time.
Translation? Your site would function 99.9% or 99.99% or 99.999% of the time. It all depends on your uptime agreement with your host.